Paris, 15 September 2000
The President of the European Council, J.Chirac assisted by
The Secretary General of the Council /High Representative for Foreign
and Security Policy of the EU, J.Solana,
The President of the Commission of the European Communities R.Prodi, and
The President of Ukraine L.D.Kuchma
1. Today's EU/Ukraine Summit, the third since the entry into force of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) marks an important stage in the relations between the European Union and Ukraine at the beginning of a new century.
2. Our strategic partnership is aimed at promoting stability and prosperity in Europe and is founded on the principles of democracy, respect of human rights, the rule of law and the market economy. We welcomed the further strengthening of this partnership that had taken place in recent years, notably within the framework of the PCA. Good PCA implementation is the basis for further rapprochement of Ukraine to the EU.
3. The Summit provided an important opportunity to discuss all the major issues in our relations. We exchanged views on recent developments in Ukraine and in the European Union, assessed the state of play regarding implementation of the PCA, including issues relating to economic co-operation and investment climate in Ukraine, examined co-operation in justice and home affairs, discussed international issues of common interest and considered various aspects of the Memorandum of Understanding concerning the closure of Chornobyl.
4. We exchanged views on the progress made and the difficulties that remained in the implementation of economic reforms in Ukraine and encouraged further steps to be taken especially in fiscal, trade, energy and agricultural policies as well as privatisation. We welcomed the determination of the Ukrainian government to press ahead with these reforms and expressed our hope that further progress could be rapidly achieved.
5. Such progress would also enable the IMF to resume its lending which both Parties were looking forward to. The European Union recalled its readiness to support these reforms, notably in the framework of the new indicative Tacis programme and, once IMF lending has resumed, through macro-financial assistance.
6. We expressed the importance we attach to democratic character of political reforms in Ukraine and the implementation in accordance with the constitution of the results of the referendum held 16 April 2000. We valued the work of the OSCE and the Council of Europe in this context. Development of stable institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, and market economy in Ukraine underlines its European aspirations and pro-European choice.
7. Ukraine informed the EU on the pace of implementation of the Strategy of Ukraine's integration into the EU and notably the adoption of the national Programme of Ukraine's integration into the EU. The EU would examine the possibility of supporting the implementation of actions under the Programme where consistent with the recently approved Tacis indicative programme.
8. We welcomed the adoption of a Common Strategy of the European Union on Ukraine by the European Council in December last year and noted with satisfaction the ambitious work plan presented by the EU Presidency for its implementation until end-2000. We encouraged our relevant administrations to continue to cooperate closely in this work with a view to ensuring a successful implementation of the Common Strategy.
9. The EU reported on the enlargement process that has been gathering pace since the European Council in Helsinki. We noted with satisfaction that this process was reinforcing political and economic integration and stability in Europe The EU reiterated its readiness to discuss regularly enlargement within the PCA fora to keep Ukraine informed of the latest developments. Our joint aim is to mobilize the potential that EU enlargement will offer for increasing trade between the enlarging European Union and Ukraine.
10. Further progress in structural economic reforms and in approximation of laws, as well as WTO accession would enhance Ukraine's capacity to benefit from EU enlargement. Moreover, we recognised in this context the importance of the full implementation of the PCA, including eventually the establishment of a Free Trade Area (FTA), as well as of a workable visa practice between the EU and Ukraine. We gave our full support to Ukraine's efforts to speed up the accession to the WTO. We welcomed the progress in removing measures incompatible with WTO but emphasised that much remains to be done. We agreed that the appropriate PCA institutions could work on establishing a list of measures which Ukraine should take to create the conditions which, along with the WTO accession, would permit consultations on FTA between Ukraine and the EU.
11. The EU also briefed Ukraine on recent progress in European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) which was aimed at reinforcing the Union's external action through the development of a military crisis management capability as well as a civilian one. We re-affirmed our intention to co-operate in this field and welcomed the report to the European Council of Feira on strengthening Common European Security and Defence Policy and the proposals contained therein on the modalities of participation of Ukraine, as well as other interested third parties, in EU-led military crisis management operations. These proposals will be developed in the coming months in view of the European Council of Nice. Ukraine expressed a positive interest in the EU's evolving ESDP.
12. We noted with satisfaction that the bodies established under the PCA, including new joint working groups in the field of political dialogue, provided a good institutional set-up to enhance our cooperation further. We welcomed the willingness of the new Ukrainian government to speed up the implementation of the PCA in general and to take the necessary steps to solve the outstanding disputes in trade field in particular. We are convinced that sustained efforts in this direction will have positive effects on the Ukrainian economy through increased trade and investment.
13. The EU informed that the EU Council is considering removing Ukraine from the list of non-market economies in the EC antidumping legislation and granting it the same treatment as Russia and China in antidumping proceedings. Ukraine is looking forward to this possibility for its exporters to request, on a case by case basis, market economy treatment. We also took note of progress made towards a long-term agreement on trade in textiles and clothes, which will significantly liberalize mutual access to the EU and Ukrainian textile markets.
14. The EU expressed its support to the Ukrainian plans for approximation of the system of standards and conformity assessment to the EU and to ensuring its compatibility with the requirements of the WTO Agreement on technical barriers in trade. To enable the effective implementation of these plans, the EU will continue to provide Ukraine with adequate technical assistance.
15. We recognized the importance of ensuring security and diversification of oil and gas supply to Ukraine and the assistance provided by the EU INOGATE programme for this purpose.
16. We welcomed the prospect of starting negotiations on a Science and Technology agreement between the EU and Ukraine. We also welcomed the intensification of contacts in the field of information society and satellite navigation.
17. We shared the view that illegal immigration and smuggling of immigrants were serious problems and could best be tackled through cooperation. We therefore welcomed the joint report of the relevant PCA sub-committee on this matter and invited the national authorities and other relevant bodies to follow-up without delay the recommendations as set out in that report. The Ukrainian side also proposed to consider jointly the possibilities of widening the bilateral cooperation in such important fields as fighting against terrorism, money laundering, illegal drugs and arms trafficking and emphasised the importance of the criminal law rapprochement. The EU took note of a Memorandum of Ukraine on this subject.
18. We confirmed our commitment to work together towards the consolidation of peace and stability in the Western Balkans on the basis of full implementation of UN Security Council resolution 1244 and full support for the Dayton-Paris accords. Democratic and economic reforms, establishment of multi-ethnic and tolerant societies as well as regional co-operation, notably in the framework of the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, were the best means to achieve these objectives. We look forward to a democratic and co-operative FRY eventually joining the European family of nations. We re-iterated our firm support for the work of International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia.
19. We re-affirmed our attachment to the territorial integrity of Moldova. We considered that the situation in Transdniestria could increasingly become a source of instability in the region and, therefore appealed to all relevant partners to work together towards a normalisation of the situation, including as a first priority the withdrawal of foreign troops and armements. We welcomed Ukraine's constructive role in finding a solution to the issue of Transdniestria.
20. We also discussed Russia as an issue of common interest. We welcomed the expressed willingness of the new Russian leadership towards modernisation and reform and underlined that it was in the interests of the EU as well as Ukraine to maintain a strong and healthy partnership with Russia based on common values, notably on the respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms. While recalling our recognition of the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation and our attachment to the stability in the Caucasus, we reiterated the urgent need of all Parties to seek for a political solution to the conflicts in this region.
21. We welcomed the decision of the Ukrainian authorities to close down Chornobyl nuclear power plant permanently by 15 December 2000. We also welcomed the positive outcome of the Pledging Conference concerning Chornobyl Shelter Fund held in Berlin in July 2000. The Community and its Member States are providing a total of 430 million Euro to the Chornobyl Shelter Fund, which makes the EU the largest provider of financial assistance for this operation. We confirmed our commitments regarding the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding between the G7, the Commission of the European Communities and Ukraine on the closure of Chornobyl NPP and other related issues. Ukraine confirmed that it is taking further steps reforming its energy sector, notably by privatising distribution companies, improving cash collection, ensuring independent nuclear regulatory authority and improving energy efficiency. In return, the EU will continue to support Ukraine in the financing of replacement capacities and other energy sector projects based on least cost principles. We look forward to receiving the report of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in this respect.
22. We concluded that developing our strategic partnership will contribute substantially to peace, stability and economic prosperity in Europe as a whole and will help us meet our common challenges