Ukraine – EU Transport Cooperation
Cooperation between Ukraine and the EU in transport sphere is aimed at the modernization and reconstruction of transport systems and road networks in Ukraine as well as at developing and ensuring compatibility of transportation systems of Ukraine and the EU in the framework of the Trans-European transport network.
The priority areas of cooperation between Ukraine and the EU are the following:
- modernization of road, rail, ports and airports governance;
- modernization and development of railways, waterways, roads, ports, airports and air navigation infrastructure, including the modernization of major routes of common interest and Trans-European routes for the abovementioned modes of transport;
- promotion and development of multimodal transport;
- approximation of national legislation to the EU norms and standards, cooperation in the framework of international transport conventions;
- creation of Common aviation area with the EU.
After signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement the transport dialogue between Ukraine and the EU is being carried out within the framework of Ukraine - EU Subcommittee on economic issues and sectoral cooperation.
On January 16, 2017, during the visit of the European Commission Director-General on Mobility and Transport Mr. Hololei to Ukraine, the annual transport dialogue between Ukraine and the EU on the issues which will foster both the implementation of new infrastructure projects and the formation of common transport strategy of the EU and Ukraine was launched.
During the visit, the Agreement between the State Aviation Service of Ukraine and the European Commission on the convergence of certification systems was signed. This document will form the basis for further bilateral air safety agreement (BASA) between Ukraine and the European Union.
The multilateral discussions on transport cooperation have been introduced within the Eastern Partnership Transport Panel framework (Thematic Platform 2 “Economic Integration and Convergence with EU Policies”).
A significant step forward towards creating a common transport network between the EU and its Eastern partners in the neighbourhood was made on October 9, 2013 in Luxembourg at the Eastern Partnership Transport Ministerial Meeting, which aimed to increase integration between the EU and its Eastern European partner countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The Eastern Partnership Transport Infrastructure network maps out the most significant transport connections between the EU and its Eastern partner countries, including Ukraine. This network was developed in accordance with the TEN-T links in Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and other member states.
On 21 June, 2016 in Rotterdam transport ministers of the Eastern Partnership countries, EU Member States and the European Commission adopted a decision to extend the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) to neighboring EU countries. The transport links and nodes on the Trans-European transport corridors are based on comprehensive and core networks, approved by Regulation (EC) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the guidelines for the development of the Trans-European Transport Network.
On 24 November, 2017 the High-level understanding between the European Union and Ukraine on the extension to Ukraine of the Indicative maps of the Trans-European transport network was signed.
Within the framework of the Eastern Partnership transport panel Ukraine is engaged in the following:
1) development of the transport network in the form of integrated transport corridors, as well as the "restoration of ties", which were lost due to the termination of cooperation within the pan-European transport corridors;
2) analysis of the bottlenecks of the national transport network, which is combined with the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) network, the preparation of infrastructure projects involving EU funding;
3) inclusion of Ukraine’s inland waterways, including the river Dnieper, Southern Bug and Ukrainian part of the Danube River into the TEN-T network.
Ukraine-EU Common Aviation Area Agreement
On November 28, 2013 Ukraine and the European Union initialled a Common Aviation Area Agreement at the margins of the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius. This agreement opens the way towards a "Common Aviation Area" between the EU and Ukraine, based on common and reliable standards in important areas such as aviation safety and air traffic management. It will foster market access and offer new opportunities for consumers and airlines on both sides. To attain these objectives, Ukraine will have to align its legislation with EU aviation standards and enforce EU requirements in areas such as aviation safety, air traffic management, security, environment, economic regulation, competition, consumer protection and social aspects.
In Ukraine internal procedures for signing of the Agreement have been completed. The signature of the Agreement is being currently postponed due to the unresolved issue between the United Kingdom and Spain on the status of Gibraltar Airport.